Dr.B.R.Ambedkar (Bhimrao Ambedkar) a great social worker, educationalist, writer, a reformist of social justice and fought for the welfare of the untouchables. Besides he was a great writer and drafted the Indian constitution and took an important role in framing it. He worked as minister in Nehru’s cabinet. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1990 for his yeomen service to the country.
Dr.B.R.Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 at Mhow presently in Madhya Pradesh state. He belonged to Untouchable family a Mahar caste and born to Ramji and Bhimabai Sakpal Ambavadkar. His father worked in the British army and hence Ambedkar could get good education. Right from his childhood he suffered caste discrimination in the society and this led him to take active steps for the upliftment of the untouchable caste people. In spite of the discriminations he completed successfully graduation in political science and Economics in merit from the Bombay University. Later he went to United States with a scholarship awarded By Maharajah of Baroda and completed his Master’s degree in Arts and Doctorate in Philosophy in 1916. Later in 1920 with his own money he went to London and completed his studies and took a doctorate in science and became a Barrister.
After completing his studies in London he returned back to India and did a yeomen service for the upliftment of the untouchables socially and politically to bring them forward with the other castes in the society. He tried to bring several reforms for them and started an Outcaste welfare Association. Ambedkar in 1936 established a separate labor party and contested in the elections and several seats were won by his party members. In 1947 after India got independence he won in elections for the assembly and joined as a Law Minister in Pt. Nehru’s Cabinet. He was entrusted for drafting of Indian constitution and was adopted from 26 November 1949. In 1951 he relinquished the position as law minister due to certain differences over the Hindu law bill.
On October 1956 he took Buddhism and wrote books on Buddhism and traveled to Sri Lanka to meet several scholars and Buddhist monks and to study on Buddhism. He wrote a famous book on Buddhism “The Buddha and His Dhamma” and released it posthumously.
On December 6 1956 the great scholar peacefully passed away in sleep due to a chronic illness and depression at home in Delhi. The nation lost a great reformer who fought for bringing social justice to up lift the downtrodden. The nation remembers him for ever and he lives in all those people for whom he fought.